Population of Luton

Luton is a town and borough in Bedfordshire, South East England.

The current population of Luton is 227,000. It is one of the most populated towns in the United Kingdom.

Luton grew rapidly in the 20th century. In 1891 the population of the town was around 20,000. By 2001 it was over 184,000.

Hatmaking was once a major industry in Luton. Luton Town Football Club are nicknamed ‘The Hatters’ due to the connection.

In 1905 Vauxhall Motors opened a car plant in Luton. Initially, the factory and associated businesses drew Irish and Scottish workers to the town. These were followed, in the second half of the 20th century, by Asian and Afro-Caribbean immigrants.

Large-scale immigration means that Luton today has an ethnically diverse population. The white population of the town is well below the UK average.

Current Population Statistics

According to data from the UK's Office for National Statistics (ONS), the current population of Luton is 227,000.

As of , the latest ONS statistics are for 2022.

Population statistics for Luton between 2013 and 2022, split by age group, are shown in the table below.

YearTotal Population
of Luton
Population Aged 0 to 15Population Aged 0 to 15 %Population Aged 16 to 64Population Aged 16 to 64 %Population Aged 65+Population Aged 65+ %
2013209,60048,70023.23136,10064.9324,80011.83
2014213,70050,00023.40138,50064.8125,20011.79
2015217,60051,50023.67140,70064.6625,40011.67
2016221,00052,40023.71142,80064.6225,70011.63
2017220,80052,80023.91142,10064.3625,80011.68
2018221,50052,90023.88142,70064.4226,00011.74
2019223,10052,80023.67144,10064.5926,20011.74
2020224,10053,00023.65144,90064.6626,20011.69
2021225,00052,40023.29146,10064.9326,40011.73
2022227,00052,90023.30147,40064.9326,60011.72

Population Growth

As can be seen from the data in the table above, the population of Luton increased from 209,600 in 2013 to 227,000 in 2022.

This represents a population growth rate of 8.30%.

Demographics of Luton - Age Groups

In 2013, 48,700 children lived in Luton; 23.23% of the total population.

In 2022, 52,900 children lived there, which was 23.30% of the total population. The percentage of children living in Luton in recent years has been rising.

In 2013, 136,100 adults lived in Luton, representing 64.93% of the total population.

In 2022, 147,400 adults lived there, representing 64.93% of the total population. The percentage of adults living in Luton in recent years has been increasing.

In 2013, 24,800 elderly people lived in Luton, 11.83% of the total population.

In 2022, 26,600 elderly people lived there, or 11.72% of the total population. The percentage of elderly people living in Luton in recent years has been declining.

Demographics of Luton - Gender

There are currently more males than females in Luton.

114,900 males were living there in 2022 (50.62% of the total).

112,100 females were living there in 2022 (49.38% of the total).

Population statistics by gender for Luton between 2013 and 2022 are shown in the table below.

DateTotalMales%Females%
2013209,600105,30050.24104,40049.81
2014213,700107,20050.16106,50049.84
2015217,600108,90050.05108,70049.95
2016221,000110,40049.95110,50050.00
2017220,800110,30049.95110,40050.00
2018221,500110,50049.89111,00050.11
2019223,100111,50049.98111,60050.02
2020224,100112,20050.07112,00049.98
2021225,000112,70050.09112,30049.91
2022227,000114,90050.62112,10049.38

2021 Census - Luton

The census provides a snapshot of the United Kingdom providing detailed information about population numbers and social trends.

The United Kingdom has conducted a national census every ten years (with several exceptions), starting in 1801.

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the organization responsible for collecting and publishing official statistics in England and Wales. In Northern Ireland it is the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NIRSA), and in Scotland it is National Records of Scotland (NRS).

The census provides national and local statistics. Data from the census helps authorities apportion resources to regional and local service providers.

The 2021 Census took place on March 21, 2021. It was the first census to be carried out primarily online.

The data from the 2021 Census for England, Wales, and Northern Ireland will be issued in summer 2022.

The census before this was held in 2011. Demographics for Luton are listed below.

2011 Census Data - Resident Population of Luton

As of today, the most recent published UK Census data was for 2011. Results of the 2011 United Kingdom Census showed that the total population of Luton was 203,201.

The number of males living in Luton was 101,954 (50.17% of the total resident population). The number of females was 101,247 (49.83% of the total resident population).

Population Density

Luton covers an area of 4,335 hectares. The population density was 46.87 persons per hectare.

2011 Census Data - Ethnic Groups in Luton

Whites were the largest ethnic group in Luton. 111,079 (54.66%) of the total population of 203,201 identified as white.

Luton has a lower percentage white population than the average for England (85.42%).

Asians were the second-largest ethnic group in Luton. 60,952 (30.00%) of the population identified as Asian.

Luton has a higher percentage Asian population than the average for England (7.82%).

EthnicityNumber%
White111,07954.66
Mixed8,2814.08
Asian60,95230.00
Black19,9099.80
Total203,201100.00

2011 Census Data - Religion in Luton

Christians were the largest religious group in Luton. 96,271 (47.38%) of the total population of 203,201 identified as Christian.

Luton has a lower percentage Christian population than the average for England (59.38%).

Muslims were the second-largest religious group in Luton. 49,991 (24.60%) of the population identified as Muslim.

Luton has a higher percentage Muslim population than the average for England (5.02%).

ReligionNumber%
Christian96,27147.38
Muslim49,99124.60
Hindu6,7493.32
Buddhist6520.32
Sikh2,3471.16
Jewish3260.16
Other8980.44
No Religion33,59416.53
Religion Not Stated12,3736.09
Total203,201100.00

2011 Census Data - Resident Population of Luton - Country of Birth

140,329 (69.06%) of the 203,201 residents of Luton were born in the UK; 136,107 in England, 2,360 in Scotland, 923 in Wales, and 889 in Northern Ireland.

4,754 (2.34%) were born in the Republic of Ireland, 13,813 (6.80%) in other EU countries, and 44,305 (21.80%) in other countries.

Country of BirthNumber%
England136,10766.98
Scotland2,3601.16
Wales9230.45
Northern Ireland8890.44
Republic of Ireland4,7542.34
Other EU13,8136.80
Other Countries44,30521.80

Location and Transport

Luton is located about 30 miles northwest of Central London.

The town lies on the M1, the motorway connecting Leeds to London. Other destinations on the M1 include Sheffield, Derby, Nottingham, Leicester, Northampton, and Milton Keynes.

Luton has good rail links. Train stations in the town are Luton, Luton Airport Parkway, and Leagrave.

London Luton Airport is just east of the town centre.

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